status, social status
There are two approaches to the concept of status in sociology. In its weak form, it simply means the position which a person occupies in the social structure , such as teacher or priest. It is often combined with the notion of social role to produce the idea of a status-role.
In its stronger meaning, it refers to a form of social stratification in which status groups or strata are ranked and organized by legal, political, and cultural criteria. There are many versions of this approach to status. For example, the legal theorist Sir Henry Maine argued that we can conceptualize the history of Western society in terms of a transition from status to contract: that is, from a feudal organization of hierarchically organized strata, to market relations between individuals who are bound together by contracts. Max Weber adopted a similar historical view of the relationships between classes, status groups, and political parties in his famous categorization of power in terms of a distinction between class, status, and party. Weber defined status position inEconomy and Society (1922) as the ‘effective claim to social esteem’. These status positions confer both negative and positive privileges, and status is typically based on a special lifestyle , and a formal training. Status is expressed through and maintained by exclusionary practices such as marriage, conventions and customs, and common living arrangements. An aggregate of persons with a common status position form a status group which enjoys a common esteem and certain status monopolies over the resources of the group. Status groups are competitive because they seek to preserve their monopolistic privileges by excluding their rivals from enjoyment of these resources. Finally, depending on the dominant pattern of social stratification , Weber distinguished between status society and class society.
Critics have noted that, especially in American sociology, the concept of status as a central notion of sociology was eroded, because it came to mean little more than a person's subjective evaluation of his or her position in the status hierarchy (that is ‘prestige’). The conflicting and competitive features of status-group relations were translated into the idea of status seeking by individuals (as in ‘prestigious roles’, ‘prestige ranking’, and so forth). Among many American sociologists, class and status came to be used interchangeably, as both concepts were used to measure subjective evaluations of positions in a system of social stratification.
Various attempts have been made to rescue the concept of status by arguing that it involves an objective organization of entitlements and privileges, which in many cases are guaranteed by law and the state, and not simply a subjective awareness of personal esteem. The best short introduction to the concept is Bryan S. Turner's Status (1988). See also citizenship ; closure ; estate.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Status — Status …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Status — [ˈstaːtʊs, ˈʃt ] (Plural Status [ˈstaːtuːs], nach der lateinischen U Deklination) ist das lateinische Wort für Zustand. Status steht für: die Lage einer Sache, einer Angelegenheit oder eines Vorgangs einen Zustand in Wissenschaft oder Technik den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • status — sta‧tus [ˈsteɪtəs ǁ ˈsteɪtəs, ˈstæ ] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] the legal position or condition of a company, group, person etc: • What is the company s financial status? status as • Ideally, the top professional buyer will seek Board… …   Financial and business terms

  • status — státus m DEFINICIJA 1. posebni ili osobni položaj koji je reguliran zakonima, propisima ili običajima [status birača; status državljanina; status manjine] 2. razg. visok položaj u društvu [imati status u društvu] 3. stanje stvari; situacija… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • status — sta·tus / stā təs, sta / n [Latin, mode or condition of being, from stare to stand] 1 a: the condition of a person or a thing in the eyes of the law b: position or rank in relation to others 2: a state of affairs the status of the negotiations… …   Law dictionary

  • Status — is a state, condition or situation. In common usage it may refer to:*Social status *Economic status *HIV status *Legal status *Status quo *Status symbol *Status, a magazine edited by Igor Cassini *A category of the grammar of Semitic languages,… …   Wikipedia

  • status — STÁTUS, statusuri, s.n. (În sociologie) Statut. – Din lat. status. Trimis de claudia, 16.01.2009. Sursa: DEX 98  státus s. n., pl. státusuri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  STÁTUS s.n. 1. Loc pe care îl ocupă un… …   Dicționar Român

  • Status — Sm Stand, Zustand, Befinden per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. status Stand , Abstraktum zu l. stāre stehen .    Ebenso nndl. status, ne. status, nfrz. état, nschw. status, nnorw. status; Distanz. ✎ DF 4 (1978), 436 440;… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • status — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. statussie, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} stan prawny, pozycja społeczna jednostki w jakiejś grupie lub grupy w jakiejś większej zbiorowości : {{/stl 7}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • status — [stat′əs, stāt′əs] n. pl. statuses [L: see STATE] 1. condition or position with regard to law [the status of a minor] 2. a) position; rank; standing [high status] b) high position; prestige [seeking status] …   English World dictionary

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